3127677507

Appearance

COLOR: Heartwood is light tan to dark brown; sapwood is creamy white. Similar in appearance to white oak, but frequently more yellow.

GRAIN: Bold, straight, moderately open grain with occasional wavy figuring. Can have strong contrast in grain in plainsawn boards.

VARIATIONS WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: Sometimes confused with hickory; the zone of large pores is more distinctive in ash, similar to that of red oak. General Rules/ Ash Grade

Workability

SAWING/MACHINING: Good machining qualities.
SANDING: Sands satisfactorily.
NAILING: Good holding ability; good resistance to splitting.
FINISHING: No known problems. Stains well.

Appearance

COLOR: Heartwood is mostly reddish brown; sapwood is generally pale white.

GRAIN: Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech.

VARIATIONS WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: Only one species is native to the United States. Moderate to high color variation between boards. General Grading Rules/ Beech grade

Workability

SAWING/MACHINING: Difficult to work with hand tools, but good machining qualities.
SANDING: Sands satisfactorily.
NAILING:
Good holding ability, but has a tendency to split.
FINISHING:
No known problem
s.

Appearance 

COLOR: Heartwood is mostly reddish brown sapwood is mostly pale white. 

GRAIN: Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech . 

VARIATIONS WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: Yellow birch, sweet birch. Paper birch (B. papyrifera) is softer and lower in weight and strength than yellow or sweet birch. However, yellow birch is most commonly used for flooring. Boards can vary greatly in grain and color. General Grading Rules / Birch grading.

 

Workability

SAWING/MACHINING: Difficult to work with hand tools, but good machining qualities.
SANDING: Sands satisfactorily.
NAILING:
Excellent holding ability.
FINISHING:
No known problem
s.

Appearance

 

COLOR: 

Sapwood is gray-white; heartwood is salmon red to orange-brown when fresh, and becomes russet or reddish brown when seasoned; often marked with dark streaks.

 

GRAIN: Mostly interlocked; texture is medium to rather coarse.

 

VARIATIONS WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: Moderate to high color variation.

Workability

SAWING/MACHINING: Sawing is difficult due to high density; requires frequent resharpening of tools. Planing is difficult due to interlocked grain. Can be machined to a smooth surface. Carbide tooling recommended.
SANDING: Sands well.
NAILING: Good holding ability, but due to hardness may require adjustment of angle of penetration and/or height.
FINISHING: No known problems.

Appearance

COLOR: Heartwood is mostly reddish brown; sapwood is generally pale white.

GRAIN: Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech.

VARIATIONS WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: Only one species is native to the United States. Moderate to high color variation between boards. General Grading Rules/ Beech grade

Workability

SAWING/MACHINING: Difficult to work with hand tools, but good machining qualities.
SANDING: Sands satisfactorily.
NAILING:
Good holding ability, but has a tendency to split.
FINISHING:
No known problem
s.

Appearance 

COLOR: Heartwood is mostly reddish brown sapwood is mostly pale white. 

GRAIN: Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech . 

VARIATIONS WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: Yellow birch, sweet birch. Paper birch (B. papyrifera) is softer and lower in weight and strength than yellow or sweet birch. However, yellow birch is most commonly used for flooring. Boards can vary greatly in grain and color. General Grading Rules / Birch grading.

 

Workability

SAWING/MACHINING: Difficult to work with hand tools, but good machining qualities.
SANDING: Sands satisfactorily.
NAILING:
Excellent holding ability.
FINISHING:
No known problem
s.